All meditation must begin with arousing deep compassion. Whatever one does must emerge from an attitude of love and benefitting others. Milarepa

In order to make the most out of any meditation, it is strongly advis- ed to start with a good motivation beforehand and to dedicate the positive energy afterwards. For this, the fol- lowing traditional prayers can be used. However, you can use any thoughts you feel comfortable with; as long as they are positive.

Seven-Limbed Prayer-
Respectfully I prostrate with body, speech and mind; I present clouds of every type of offerings, actual and imagined; I declare all the negative actions I have done since beginningless time, and re- joice in the merit of all Aryas and ordinary beings. Please teacher, remain until cyclic existence ends and turn the wheel of Dharma for all sentient beings. I dedicate the virtues of myself and others to the great Enlighten- ment.

Four Immeasurables-
May all sentient beings have equanimity, free from attachment, aggression and prejudice.
May they be happy, and have the causes for happiness. May they be free from suffering and causes for suffer- ing. May they never be separated from the happiness that is free from suffering. (3x)

Taking Refuge-
I go for refuge to the Buddha, I go for refuge to the Dharma, I go for refuge to the Sangha. (3x)

Setting the Mind to Enlightenment-
By virtue of giving and so forth, may I become a Buddha for the benefit of all sentient beings. (3x)

By this virtue may I soon reach a Guru-Buddha-state, and lead each and every being to that state of Buddhahood. May the precious Bodhicitta not yet born, arise and grow; may that born have no decline but in- crease forever more.

After the preliminaries, concentrate on the tip of your nose, and feel the breath going in and out. To help your concentration, you can count every out-breath as one, and count from 1 to 10. When you arrived at 10, simply start at 1 again. All the attention is with the feeling of the nose and the counting, nothing more, nothing less. Regularly check yourself - if you are still concentrated, do not get angry when distracted, simply return to counting from 1. Just before the end of the session, release the con- centration on the counting and the tip of your nose, and simply be aware of how you feel for a minute or so. Then dedicate the positive energy of the session to whichever goal you like, use for example above prayers.

Rest the hands, palms down on the legs and watch the breath. - When the mind wanders off to thoughts of the past, gently tap your left leg - When the mind wanders off to thoughts of the future, gently tap your right leg - Whenever a thought arises, mentally note "memory" or "fantasy," then return to the breath.

Focus the attention mainly on the breath and sensory experiences; in addition, note your emotional experiences. - Whenever a particular feeling comes up, mentally note it; as "liking," dis-liking," "anger," "sad," "fear," "resentment," "anxiety," "guilt," etc. and let it go. - Do not get involved with the emo- tions, only note them and return to awareness of the breath.

While breathing out, imagine that all your negative energies, mistakes, misunder- standing and emotions leave your body with the breath. Visualise this energy as black smoke, which goes out in- to space and completely disappears. - While breathing in, imagine that all the positive energy of the universe en- ters your body with the breath. Visualise this positive energy as pure white light which enters all the parts of your body, it pervades every cell and atom. Enjoy this clear white light. - If you feel comfortable, use every breath to inhale light and to exhale black smoke and problems. - When distracted by other thoughts, simply ob- serve them without getting involved; transform them into black smoke and breathe them out.

Imagine on the crown of your head a lump of gold-coloured butter. - It slowly melts, and wherever it runs down over your body, all stress and tension in the body disappears. - Very slowly the butter flows over your forehead, all muscles relax. - It runs down over your eyes and cheeks, your whole face relaxes.
- Along the back of your head, your neck, shoulders; feel how much tension is there and let it go. - Arms and hands, the chest, belly. - Along the spine, the entire back relaxes; your legs and feet. - The entire body is cover- ed in golden butter and you radiate health. - Go over the whole body again and breathe out all the remaining stress.
Visualise above the crown of your head a white ball of light, somewhat smaller than your head. It has no real form and is pure white energy. Do not concentrate on details, just try to feel it is there.
- Imagine that the light embodies all the pure love of the universe, the accomplishment of the highest potential of living beings. - Visualise the ball becomes smaller, about the size of your thumb, and it enters the crown of your head, and descends to the level of your heart. - Now the light expands and fills your entire body. All the material of the body dissolves into light. What remains is a body of light without shape. - Concentrate on the feeling this light-body gives, all problems and negativities are gone, only peace and happiness is left. - When distracting thoughts arise, simply dissolve them in the light.
This is a pre-tantric purification practice in which you visualise the main 3 ener- gy channels in the body. It is used in the beginning of a meditation session (after the prayers of refuge etc.) to calm and clear the mind in only a minute or so. Make your breath somewhat longer and deeper, but don't exag- gerate. If possible, one should not hear the breathing. If you have a cold and one or both nostrils are clogged, just imagine breathing through the different nostrils. Visualise the body as being completely empty and transpar- ent, then inside it appears the Central Channel. The Central Channel starts between the eyebrows, continues back just under the skull, and from the crown of the head it goes straight down to the level of four finger-widths under the navel, it stays a little in front of the spine. It is like a transparent blue tube, about the thickness of a thick drinking straw. To the left and to the right are two side-channels, both transparent and the thickness of only a drinking-straw. The right channel is red, the left is white. The three channels are flexible and just below the navel they connect with each other. During the first round of breathing, INHALE through the LEFT nostril, keeping the right nostril closed with a finger. We imagine the air going from the left nostril into the left channel, up near the crown and way down to under the navel. There, the left channel is connected to the right channel, and we BREATHE OUT through the RIGHT CHANNEL by closing the left nostril with the same finger. Ima- gine breathing in pure white light, and when exhaling, imagine that all DESIRE AND ATTACHMENT which pollutes the left channel collects at the navel and leaves via the right channel as black smoke. The black smoke disappears beyond the universe. Repeat this 3 times. Then, the next round we INHALE white light via the RIGHT nostril, and all ANGER AND HATRED which pollutes the right channel collects below the navel and is EXHALED via the LEFT channel as black smoke. Again, do this 3 times. The third round we INHALE white light via the LEFT AND RIGHT channel together and imagine them both being connected to the central channel below the navel. This CENTRAL CHANNEL is polluted by IGNORANCE AND CONFUSION which is breath- ed out as black smoke. Imagine that you BREATHE OUT via the POINT BETWEEN the EYEBROWS. (3x)