And so Yamantaka spin round with great power
wheel of sharp weapons of good actions now.
Three times turn it round, in your
wrathful-like aspect -
Your legs set apart for the two grades of truth,
your eyes blazing open for wisdom and means.
Self-cherishing refers to the
attitude which does not want suffering, sickness, problems or undesirable experiences.
Since it is our enemy, we have to subdue it. Dharmarakshita requested Yamantaka
for blessing to meditate on Tong-len (taking on all the sufferings and problems
of all sentient beings upon this self-cherishing attitude and giving one's happiness
and prosperity to all sentient beings). We work towards subduing our self-cherishing
attitude by taking upon the sufferings and undesirable experience of all sentient
beings upon the self-cherishing attitude, thereby destroying it. Just like defeating
external enemies with weapons.
We request the meditational deity for help
by making torma offerings or other offerings in order to succeed in our practice.
Dharmarakshita was an adept practitioner of Yamantaka in India. During the
war (led by non-Buddhist group) to destroy Buddhism in India, Dharmarakshita made
a strong request to Yamantaka to stop this war. He placed his hand on the tangka
of Yamantaka. In doing so, the war was stopped and all the troops fell into the
Ganges River. Today, we can see this tangka in a monastery in Tibet with the handprint
The 'wrathful aspect' in the verse is towards the self-cherishing and
self-grasping attitude. 'Turning around three times', the 'three times' represents:
Relative Bodhicitta, Ultimate Bodhicitta and the union of both Relative and Ultimate
Bodhicitta. The Relative Bodhicitta is the altruistic intention to attain Buddhahood
for the benefit of all sentient beings, the Ultimate Bodhicitta is direct perception
of emptiness. Here, Dharmarakshita is making request or supplication to Yamantaka
(who has abandoned self-cherishing and self-grasping attitude) so as to bless
the mindstream of Dharmarakshita and all bodhsittvas who are practicing to overcome
the self-cherishing and self-grasping attitudes and to develop the Relative and
What do you mean by 'making supplication'?
It is like requesting for help. Something like sending an application
to officials, to request for help.
Can you explain the three
turning symbolising the three types of Bodhicitta in greater detail?
or Conventional Bodhicitta refers to the spontaneous mind to achieve Buddhahood
for the sake of all sentient beings. Merely generating the thought to attain Buddhahood
for the sake of all sentient beings is not the real or actual Conventional Bodhicitta.
Through developing such thought so that it can arise spontaneously without effort
is the real Conventional Bodhicitta. The Ultimate Bodhicitta is the mind of the
Bodhisattva that perceives emptiness directly. In order to achieve Buddhahood,
the union of these two Bodhicitta is indispensable.
Yamantaka's slightly bent
right leg symbolises the Relative Bodhicitta and his outstretched left leg symbolises
the Ultimate Bodhicitta. His both eyes open widely symbolises method and wisdom.
It is necessary for the practitioner of method and wisdom or the two Bodhicitta
(method refers to Relative Bodhicitta and wisdom is Ultimate Bodhicitta), to balance
the cultivation of these two types of Bodhicitta.